Essay on art and architecture of india

In the same way Indian art forms have continuously evolved over thousands of years.

Essay on art and architecture of india

Indian rock-cut architecture The famous carved door of Lomas Rishione of the Barabar Cavesdated to approximately BCE, displaying the first known Maurya reliefs.

The quasi-perfect walls of the Barabar Caves were dug into the hard rock and polished to a mirror effect circa BCE, date of the inscriptions of Ashoka. The Ajanta Caves are 30 rock-cut Buddhist cave monument built under the Vakatakas, c. Stupa Stupas were soon to be richly decorated with sculptural reliefs, following the first attempts at Sanchi Stupa No.

Stupa architecture was adopted in Southeast and East Asiawhere it became prominent as a Buddhist monument used for enshrining sacred relics. BCE to the 1st c. The inscription between the Chaitya arches reads: Temples —built on elliptical, circular, quadrilateral, or apsidal plans— were initially constructed using brick and timber.

A stupa was located in the center. Relief of a circular temple, Bharhutcirca BCE. Relief of a multi-storied temple, 2nd century CE, Ghantasala Stupa. The temple was burnt down sometime in the 2nd century BCE. Chejarla apsidal temple, also later converted to Hinduism. It consists of a flat roofed square sanctum with a portico and four pillars.

From an architectural perspective, this is a tetrastyle prostyle temple of Classical appearance. Nalanda and Valabhi universities, housing thousands of teachers and students, flourished between the 4th—8th centuries.

During the rule of the Hunnic king Mihirakulaover a thousand Buddhist monasteries throughout Gandhara are said to have been destroyed.

The invasions mark the beginning of the decline of Buddhism in India. Although only spanning a few decades, the invasions had long-term effects on India, and in a sense brought an end to Classical India. South Indian temple architecture—visible as a distinct tradition during the 7th century CE.

In both of these styles architecture is treated sculpturally. The external walls of the temple are segmented by pilasters and carry niches housing sculpture.

Each story is delineated by a parapet of miniature shrines, square at the corners and rectangular with barrel-vault roofs at the centre.Short essay on the Buddhist Art and Architecture Gourav Advertisements: Buddhism has left its mark in the field of art and architecture of India.

The first human statues worshipped in India were probably those of Buddha. The Greek and the Indian sculptors worked together to create a new kind of art, which is known as the Gandhara School of Art. Hindu architecture evolved over the centuries from simple rock-cut cave shrines to massive and ornate temples which spread across the Indian sub-continent and beyond, forming a canonical style which is still adhered to today in modern Hindu temples across the globe.

“[Royal courts] were important loci for the continuation of indigenous artistic traditions as well as conduits for European influences in both art and architecture.”.

Indian Art and Architecture | Scholastic ART |

The art and architecture of Ancient India touched new height during the rule of Gupta Empire. The most impressive artistic achievements of the Gupta period lie in the cave painting of Ajanta.

In this connection we may deal . Contents: Introduction, Studies in Indian Architecture, Fort Architecture in Ancient and Medieval India, Art and Architecture: Northern India, Art and Architecture: South India, The Aspect and Orientation in Hindu Architecture, Kalinga Style of Architecture, Symbolism of the Dome, Art and Architecture, Muslim Architecture in India, A Plea for 3/5(1).

Essay on art and architecture of india

The Indian art and architecture have divided among India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. In the western world, important collections of Indian art can see in the British Museum of Fine Arts.

In India, many of the people produced Indian secular art, and it is a large deal of the India, and the make it possible with the patronage of wealthy merchants.

Architecture of India - Wikipedia