Watching your emotions or becoming the observer makes it easier to let go of challenging emotions, and get about what you need to do. Instead, being mindful allows you to see them, bookmark them, and then work to heal them, or begin a fantastic process of self-discovery! And this process can take place during your runs. Being mindful and aware, we get to learn from our emotions by watching them.
In general observations, are relatively cheap to carry out and few resources are needed by the researcher. However, they can often be very time consuming and longitudinal. Controlled Observation Controlled observations usually a structured observation are likely to be carried out in a psychology laboratory.
The researcher decides where the observation will take place, at what time, with which participants, in what circumstances and uses a standardised procedure. Participants are randomly allocated to each independent variable group. Rather than writing a detailed description of all behavior observed, it is often easier to code behavior according to a previously agreed scale using a behavior schedule i.
The researcher systematically classifies the behavior they observe into distinct categories. Coding might involve numbers or letters to describe a characteristics, or use of a scale to measure behavior intensity.
The categories on the schedule are coded so that the data collected can be easily counted and turned into statistics. For example, Mary Ainsworth used a behavior schedule to study how infants responded to brief periods of separation from their mothers.
During the Strange Situation procedure infant's interaction behaviors directed toward the mother were measured, e. Proximity and contacting seeking Avoidance of proximity and contact Resistance to contact and comforting The observer noted down the behavior displayed during 15 second intervals and scored the behavior for intensity on a scale of 1 to 7.
Sometimes the behavior of participants is observed through a two-way mirror or they are secretly filmed. This method was used by Albert Bandura to study aggression in children the Bobo doll studies.
A lot of research has been carried out in sleep laboratories as well. Here electrodes are attached to the scalp of participants and what is observed are the changes in electrical activity in the brain during sleep the machine is called an electroencephalogram — an EEG.
Controlled observations are usually overt as the researcher explains the research aim to the group, so the participants know they are being observed.
Controlled observations are also usually non-participant as the researcher avoids any direct contact with the group, keeping a distance e. Controlled observations can be easily replicated by other researchers by using the same observation schedule.
This means it is easy to test for reliability. The data obtained from structured observations is easier and quicker to analyze as it is quantitative i. Controlled observations are fairly quick to conduct which means that many observations can take place within a short amount of time.
This means a large sample can be obtained resulting in the findings being representative and having the ability to be generalized to a large population.
When participants know they are being watched they may act differently. Naturalistic Observation Naturalistic observation is a research method commonly used by psychologists and other social scientists. This technique involves observing involves studying the spontaneous behavior of participants in natural surroundings.
The researcher simply records what they see in whatever way they can. Compared with controlled observations it is like the difference between studying wild animals in a zoo and studying them in their natural habitat.
With regard to human subjects Margaret Mead used this method to research the way of life of different tribes living on islands in the South Pacific. Kathy Sylva used it to study children at play by observing their behavior in a playgroup in Oxfordshire. Strengths 1 By being able to observe the flow of behavior in its own setting studies have greater ecological validity.
Like case studies naturalistic observation is often used to generate new ideas. Because it gives the researcher the opportunity to study the total situation it often suggests avenues of enquiry not thought of before. These observations are often conducted on a micro small scale and may lack a representative sample biased in relation to age, gender, social class or ethnicity.
This may result in the findings lacking the ability to be generalized to wider society. Natural observations are less reliable as other variables cannot be controlled.
This makes it difficult for another researcher to repeat the study in exactly the same way. A further disadvantage is that the researcher needs to be trained to be able to recognise aspects of a situation that are psychologically significant and worth further attention.
With observations we do not have manipulations of variables or control over extraneous variables which means cause and effect relationships cannot be established. Participant Observation Participant observation is a variant of the above natural observations but here the researcher joins in and becomes part of the group they are studying to get a deeper insight into their lives.
If it were research on animals we would now not only be studying them in their natural habitat but be living alongside them as well! This approach was used by Leon Festinger in a famous study into a religious cult who believed that the end of the world was about to occur.
He joined the cult and studied how they reacted when the prophecy did not come true.- Classroom Observation On two different days, several observations took place in two different types of environment. I observed a teacher and her students of a second grade elementary school and a teacher and her students aged 18 months to two years old in a daycare environment.
I want to talk about eight months old toddler. His name is Hrach. At this age he is show a wider emotional range and stronger preferences for familiar people. Most he is showing:??? Express several clearly differentiated emotions Distinguish friends from strangers???
Respond actively to language and gestures Show displeasure at the loss of a toy He has very good muscle development. emotions in non-harmful ways, learning about self and others.
1F.2 T, P, K, S Rate No Opp if there are no opportunities for such chances to take place during the observation. Rate No if there are missed opportunities for such chances to take place. 2B.5 T, P, K, S. Emotion in a photograph, or any work of art, is what helps a viewer connect with a piece if that emotion is prevalent in the viewer.
Happiness and joy, sorrow and despair, these are some of the easier emotions as they are universally felt, at one time or another, by all on this planet. Emotions, Stress, and Personality Summary Paper Our emotions are a combination of physiological activation, expressive behaviors, and conscious experiences.
CFE – The Developing Child – Observation Report Part 2 This observation took place in an early childhood education facility in the city of Lancaster at Antelope Valley College’s Child Development Center.
The age of the child that was present was approximately close to the age of five years of age and was a female.
One other important aspect of the observation is the date that it took %(3).