Carthage and Rome [ bce— bce] Written By: See Article History Alternative Title: Carthaginian Wars Punic Wars, also called Carthaginian Wars, — bcea series of three wars between the Roman Republic and the Carthaginian Punic empire, resulting in the destruction of Carthagethe enslavement of its population, and Roman hegemony over the western Mediterranean.
Visit Website Did you know? The Greek historian Polybius, one of the main sources of information about the Punic Wars, was born around B.
A friend of and mentor to Scipio Aemilianus, he was an eyewitness to the siege and destruction of Carthage in B. While Carthage supported Syracuse, Rome supported Messina, and the struggle soon exploded into a direct conflict between the two powers, with control of Sicily at stake.
Though its invasion of North Africa that same year ended in defeat, Rome refused to give up, and in B. Second Punic War B. Over the next decades, Rome took over control of both Corsica and Sardinia as well, but Carthage was able to establish a new base of influence in Spain beginning in B.
Two years later, he marched his army across the Ebro River into Saguntum, an Iberian city under Roman protection, effectively declaring war on Rome.
The Second Punic War saw Hannibal and his troops—including as many as 90, infantry, 12, cavalry and a number of elephants—march from Spain across the Alps and into Italy, where they scored a string of victories over Roman troops at Ticinus, Trebia and Trasimene.
After this disastrous defeat, however, the Romans managed to rebound, and the Carthaginians lost hold in Italy as Rome won victories in Spain and North Africa under the rising young general Publius Cornelius Scipio later known as Scipio Africanus.
Carthage was also forced to give up its fleet and pay a large indemnity to Rome in silver. Third Punic War B. Carthage withstood the Roman siege for two years before a change of Roman command put the young general Scipio Aemilianus later known as Scipio the Younger in charge of the North Africa campaign in B.
After tightening the Roman positions around Carthage, Aemilianus launched a forceful attack on its harbor side in the spring of B. After seven days of horrific bloodshed, the Carthaginians surrendered, obliterating an ancient city that had survived for some years.
The surviving 50, citizens of Carthage were sold into slavery.
Also in B. Start your free trial today.Their first series was about the Punic Wars, and it went viral, with some of its videos logging more than a million views. Extra History is up to videos at last count, . Rome and Carthage, the Punic Wars; (Epochs of ancient history) [R.
Bosworth Smith] on tranceformingnlp.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.3/5(3). Aug 21, · Watch video · Third Punic War ( B.C.) The three Punic Wars between Carthage and Rome took place over nearly a century, beginning in B.C.
and ending with the destruction of Carthage in B.C. Punic Wars, also called Carthaginian Wars, (– bce), a series of three wars between the Roman Republic and the Carthaginian (Punic) empire, resulting in the destruction of Carthage, the enslavement of its population, and Roman hegemony over the western Mediterranean.
The Punic Wars were a series of conflicts fought between the forces of ancient Carthage and Rome between BCE and BCE. The name Punic.
Punic Wars, three distinct conflicts between Carthage and Rome. When they began, Rome had nearly completed the conquest of Italy, while Carthage controlled NW Africa and the islands and the commerce of the W Mediterranean.
When they ended, Carthage was ruined, and Rome was the greatest power W of.